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Redox reactions
 
In this model processes involved in a complicated oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction of interaction between KMnO4 and HCl are presented. After you initiate the model with the "Start" button you may scan the whole process of the reaction from beginning to end. However it is recommended to terminate the process with the "Stop" button after any step to follow carefully all changes occurred. Use the "Reset" button to return the model into initial state. During the first step of the reaction the molecules of hydrochloric acid and potassium permanganate are dividing into ions due to hydration. Then some chloride ions and manganese ions give away electrons which consequently pass to oxygen atoms reducing them into O2. After that ions of oxygen bind to hydrogen ions forming water. The restThe rest of ions - Mn2+, Cl- and K+ in reality continue to exist as hydrated ones. To demonstrate how the products of reaction are usually written those ions are combined in the next step into MnCl2 and KCl. The final equation of the reaction looks in the way: 2KMnO4 + 16HCl = 2MnCl2 + 5Cl2 + 2KCl + 8H2O Algorithm of an arrangement of coefficients in this and other reactions you may learn in the description of the model "Stoichiometric coefficients".
 
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