HomeHelpContact usBack

Modules Open College - e-Learning Content Library
Bonds in benzole molecule
This model illustrates the structure of a benzole molecule. It consists of a carbon atom with three sp2-hybridized orbital pathways (with a single hydrogen atom located on one of these orbits), and one non-hybridized p-orbital. This model rotates in such a manner that we observe it "from above", i.e. along the p-orbital axis. Note that the other five components are connected to the hybridized one, forming a ring structure in the plane of sp2-hybridized orbitals. (This is not how chemical processes really occur, but the model does explain the relative location of atoms and electron orbitals in the benzole molecule).
Now that we have studied the structure of σ-bonds, let us turn to the structure of π-bonds. Initially, π-bonds appear as single and double alternate bonds. Then, this representation is replaced with the real structural model of benzole π-bonds, featuring the full set of six electrons on p-orbitals among the six atoms of carbon.

© OpenTeach Software, 2007